عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Political legitimacy is one of the basic concepts
in socio-political sciences and is seen as important necessity and political
obligation for continuation and consolidation of governments; the indices of
this concept consist the divine and legal genesis of government and governors,
general consent and efficiency of government.
In Nahjolbalagheh, society and government is attituded in the framework
of Islamic principles and procedure (Sonnat) of dignified Prophet (peace be
upon him) not on secular aspect and duality of modern and traditional society.
In Nahjolbalagheh, indices of legitimacy and democracy have been explained only
in the traditional and religious framework as well as some of the mechanisms of
democracy. In Nahjolbalagheh, there is a
longtitudinal relation between popular- legal and religious legitimacy, means
that the religious legitimacy is the core and basic foundation for verification
of Islamic government and the other type of legitimacy is only for the
fulfilment or executing of government. But in secular democracies, the only
foundation of legitimacy is the rational-legal type not divine and religious.