عنوان مقاله [English]
Semantics is part of today's linguistics and is the knowledge of meaning analysis, examining different types of meaning in order to specify the precise one, in and out of a context. What matters in this science is the evolution of word from the beginning to the contemporary period and discovery of a contextual meaning of a word, indeed.
The present research studies the contextual meaning of truth and sincerity in Nahj al-Balagha and attempts to find out its semantic status based on descriptive semantic methodology. The study indicates that first of all, this word has not undergone fundamental changes in its meaning and implication over time and it has always been considered as a moral virtue. Moreover, in Nahj al-Balagha, it carries the original (literal) and idiomatic meaning and it collocates with words such as faith, benefaction, and right and … in a semantic network and in a semantics confrontation with it has appeared falsehood.
Its semantic domain also includes three domains of truth and sincerity of belief, moral truth and truth as a general concept.