عنوان مقاله [English]
The Imam Ali’s ruling era is known to be one of the most turbulent eras in Islamic history, in which after the successors of the Prophet, it faced with a lot of anarchy, conspiracy, wars, and internal disputes, and finally leading to the martyrdom of his majesty. During this turmoil, Imam Ali, with his intelligence and acuteness, could create regulations and a foundation in the name of ‘justice’, ‘liberty’, ‘individual rights’, and ‘social rights’. The whole theories by Imam were stemmed from the Koran, and the Prophet’s mission and sunnah.
A survey over his discourse and behavior reveals the fact that he had a comprehensive and intellectual supervision over the concept of ‘religion’, ‘religion and society’, and ‘ethics’. These principles are easily seen throughout the text of Nahjulbalaghah, indicating his special focus and intelligence in society as the prophet’s successor or known to be as the lord of Muslims.
The present research tries to find out the answer to this question that as a sharp-eyes intellect in his contemporary chaotic world, how Imam Ali was seeking liberty, ethics, justice, and individual rights, as well as trying to show the means of acquiring and maintaining them.
The content analysis is used to investigate the text of Nahjulbalaghah with which the analysis is conducted and the various aspects of the raised questions are strived to be replied.